Learn Sharepoint 14Hive folder structures

If you started working on Sharepoint 2010 then Its important to learn the sharepoint folder structures. Here i have listed down all important folder sharepoint 2010 storing configuration, installations files.

C:\ProgramFiles\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0 – This directory is the installation location for SharePoint Server 2010 binaries and data. The directory can be changed during installation. This is our favorite 14hive folder.

C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\wss – This directory (or the corresponding directory under the Inetpub root on the server) is used as the default location for IIS Web sites.

C:\ProgramFiles\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0\WebServices – This directory is the root directory where SharePoint back-end Web services are hosted, for example, Excel and Search.

C:\ProgramFiles\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0\Data – This directory is the root location where local data is stored, including search indexes.

C:\ProgramFiles\Microsoft Office Servers\14.0\Logs – This directory is the location where the run-time diagnostic logging is generated.

14 hive folders :

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14 –

This directory is the installation directory for core SharePoint Server files.

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\ADMISAPI –

This directory contains the soap services for Central Administration. If this directory is altered, remote site creation and other methods exposed in the service will not function correctly.

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\CONFIG –
This directory contains files used to extend IIS Web sites with SharePoint Server. If this directory or its contents are altered, Web application provisioning will not function correctly.

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\14\LOGS –

This directory contains setup and run-time tracing logs.

C:Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\Policy –

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\UserCode –
This directory contains files used to support your sandboxed solutions.

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\WebClients –
This directory contains files related to the new Client Object Model.

C:\Program Files\Common files\Microsoft Shared\Web Server Extensions\WebServices –
This directory contains new wcf or .svc related files.

SharePoint Solution File L ocations Inside the SharePoint Root Directory
Path Relative to SharePoint RootDirectory  Template File Types
 /ISAPI  Web Services (.svc, .ashx, .asmx)
 /Resources  Resource files (.resx)
 /TEMPLATE/ADMIN  Application pages used exclusively in Central Administration
 /TEMPLATE/CONTROLTEMPLATES  ASP.NET User Controls (.ascx)
 /TEMPLATE/FEATURES  Feature definition files (.xml)
 /TEMPLATE/IMAGES  Images (.gif, .jpg, and .png)
 /TEMPLATE/LAYOUTS  Application pages (.aspx)
 /TEMPLATE/LAYOUTS/1033/STYLES  CSS Files (.css)
 /TEMPLATE/LAYOUTS/ClientBin  Silverlight components (.xap)
 /TEMPLATE/SiteTemplates  Site Definition files (onet.xml)
 /TEMPLATE/XML  Custom field type definition files (fdltype*.xml)

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